Volume 22, Issue 1 (4-2012)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2012, 22(1): 54-60 | Back to browse issues page

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1- , kasraema‏2004‏@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6247 Views)

As stated in the first part of article, we have stated the four major philosophical paradigms ‎which make up the basis for knowledge(epistemology), the nature and reality(ontology) and ‎the acquisition methods of knowledge(methodology). Thus, according to each paradigm, ‎approach to knowledge is determined. ‎‏ ‏ In a more general category, we have two quantitative and qualitative paradigms. Today that ‎method is called quantitative or scientific method, derived from positivism. On this basis, only ‎the experimental scientific method is valid method of research. On the other hand, qualitative ‎methods focused on natural position therefore, these studies are sometimes called naturalistic ‎study. ‎ Since paradigmatic confrontation occurs in fundamental questions of each paradigm, ‎researchers use different sources to determine two paradigms' answer to basic questions, and ‎tables are made to comprise them. Finally the importance of each was emphasized.‎

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/3 | Accepted: 2014/08/3 | Published: 2014/08/3

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