Volume 21, Issue 1 (4-2011)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2011, 21(1): 38-45 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghahramanian A, Heidarzadeh M, Rostami H, Rahimi R. Behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in Bonab city employees. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2011; 21 (1) :38-45
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-192-en.html
1- , ghahramaniana@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5859 Views)

Introduction:‎‏ ‏Cardiovascular diseases are causes of death in many industrialized countries. ‎This disease is among the most common, serious and deadly diseases in Iran.‎

 Objective:‎‏ ‏This study was performed to determine some of the behavioral risk factors ‎associated with cardiovascular diseases in Bonab city staffs.

‎ Methods:‎‏ ‏This study was a cross-sectional study. Research population consisted of all city ‎employees. Cluster sampling method was used and the inclusion criteria were performed. Data ‎of total of ‎‏241‏eligible employees selected were collected by questionnaire which validity and ‎reliability of it was confirmed through content validity and Alpha Cronbach. The data were ‎analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-square, t with independent samples)‎‏ ‏in ‎SPSS software.‎

 Results:‎‏ ‏The results showed that ‎‏65.2%‏‎ of samples weren’t compliant with specific nutritional ‎principles and the type of oil of consumption was saturated in ‎‏70%‏‎ of samples, ‎‏47.1%‏‎ and ‎‏11%‏‎ ‎of the samples respectively were overweight and obese, ‎‏19.5%‏‎ smokers, ‎‏6.2%‏‎ regularly use ‎bubble and ‎‏49.5%‏‎ had contact with environmental tobacco smoke. ‎‏43.8%‏‎ were not screened for ‎diabetes and hyperlipidemia, and ‎‏54‏‎.‎‏8%‏‎ of them didn’t exercise. Chi-square test showed ‎significant difference between the sexes in the variables of smoking (P=‎‏0.006‏‎), athletic ‎activities (P=‎‏0.001‏‎) and adherence to principles of specific nutrition (P=‎‏0.006‏‎).

 Conclusion: In attention to study findings on possible decreasing risk factors and low ‎sensitivity of samples regarding healthy life styles and screening for diabetes and ‎hyperlipidemia, programmed education is necessary to lower risk factors,‎‏ ‏Change knowledge ‎and attitude of people on self health and ultimately correcting life styles.‎

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/3 | Accepted: 2014/08/3 | Published: 2014/08/3

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