Volume 31, Issue 3 (6-2021)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2021, 31(3): 212-218 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghasemipour M, Farmanbar R, Kasmaee P, Atrkar Roshan Z, Nickandish S. Predicting Tobacco Use Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior in Adolescent Girls. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2021; 31 (3) :212-218
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1675-en.html
1- Health Education and Promotion (MS), School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
2- Associate Professor, Dept. of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. , rabi_1345@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Dept. of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
4- Associate Professor in Biostatistics, Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Medicin, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
5- Midwifery (MSc), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Zanjan University of medical sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Abstract:   (321 Views)

Introduction: Tobacco use poses a serious threat to global health. The tobacco epidemic is spreading in low- and middle-income countries, where the tobacco industries mainly target young people and women.
Objective: This study aims to determine the predictors of tobacco use based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in female high school students.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 340 female high school students aged 14-18 years in Rasht City, Iran, who were selected using a multi-stage sampling method. The data collection tool was the TPB questionnaire for tobacco use in Persian. The obtained data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Spearman correlation test and logistic regression analysis.
Results: The TPB constructs of attitude (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.85-0.97, P = 0.007) and behavioral intention (OR=0.75, 95% CI; 0.64-0.88, P = 0.001) could predict cigarette smoking. Also, constructs of perceived behavioral control (OR = 0.92, 95%CI; 0.87-0.97, P = 0.007), subjective norms (OR = 0.83, 95%CI; 0.70-0.97, P = 0.02), and behavioral intention (OR = 0.88, 95% CI; 0.78 - 0.99, P = 0.03) could predict hookah smoking in girls students.
Conclusion: Considering the predictive power of the TPB constructs in tobacco use by adolescent girls, it is possible to plan to reduce its rate in this group by a focus on the TPB constructs.
 
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Article Type : Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/06/20 | Accepted: 2021/06/20 | Published: 2021/06/20

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