Volume 31, Issue 3 (6-2021)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2021, 31(3): 147-154 | Back to browse issues page


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Nazari S, Farokhnezhad Afshar P, Sadegh Moghdada L, Namazi Shabestari A, Farhadi A, Sadeghi N K. Association Between Perceived Social Support and Mental Health Status Among Older Adults. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2021; 31 (3) :147-154
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1665-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Gerontology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Gerontological Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , farokhnezhad.p@iums.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Social Development and Health Promotion Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor, Department of Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Assistant Professor, The Persian Gulf Tropical Medicine Research Center, The Persian Gulf Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.
6- Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Abstract:   (572 Views)

Introduction: The elderly need social support to reduce their physical and mental disabilities. Perceived social support is one of the effective factors in the lifestyle of older adults.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the association between perceived social support and mental health status among older adults.
Materials and Methods: This research is a cross-sectional analytical study. The study data were collected using a perceived social support (PSS) scale and general health questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12). A total of 302 eligible older adults were selected through a random sampling method from primary health centers in the north, south, east, west, and center of Tehran. The inclusion criteria were those community-dwelling older adults aged ≥60 years and with normal cognitive abilities. The collected data were analyzed using t test, ANOVA, the Pearson correlation, and multiple linear regressions.
Results: The mean ±SD age of older adults was 70.01 ±6.29 years. Their mean ±SD scores of the PSS and GHQ-12 were 130.95 ±16.05 and 7.29 ±5.55, respectively. The results showed no significant relationship between demographic variables and PSS. There was a significant inverse correlation between the PSS score and the GHQ-12 score (P= 0.01, r= -0.878). The PSS explained 0.66 of the total variances of “positively phrased items” of GHQ-12 (adjusted R2= 0.66) and 0.76 of the total variances of “negatively phrased items” of GHQ-12 (adjusted R2= 0.76).
Conclusion: Our findings showed that the PSS and mental health are at a desirable level in this study, and the PSS is not affected by demographic variables. The PSS is a promoting factor for mental health status among older adults.
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Article Type : Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/06/16 | Accepted: 2021/06/20 | Published: 2021/06/20

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