Volume 20, Issue 2 (10-2010)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2010, 20(2): 22-26 | Back to browse issues page

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khodadady N, hoseinbabaie Z, charmi L, aliniya S, asli A. Epidmiology of trauma due to driving accidents in Poursina Trauma Research Center in Rasht. J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2010; 20 (2) :22-26
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-307-en.html
1- , n_khodadady@yahoo.com
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Epidmiology of  trauma due to driving accidents  in Poursina Trauma Research  Center in Rasht

By: Naema Khodadadi1, Zahra Hosein Babaei2, Leila Charmi3, Salimeh Alinia,   Aref Asli5


Introduction: In case of road accidents, Iran with mortality rate of 30 in 100000 has the highest rank and is on the top of list in the world. Injured of traffic accidents are not able to return to normal condition and social activities due to phisical problem and impaired  function. So it's necessary to identify risk factors.

Objective: The goal of this study is to determine demographic and psycho–social characteristics of those injured in driving accidents.

Methods: This is a descriptive study. Study participants were selected from orthopedic and traumatic units of Poursina Hospital in Rasht city. Data were collected using a questionnaire including personal and psycho–social characteristics through structured interview and questions regarding return to work or school were collected by phone six weeks later.

Results: Overall 88 injured people were eligible for this study and the majority were male and motorcycle driver and mostly happened in day light. Majority were younger than 30, married, employed and lived with their families. Majority (94%) had not insurance to compensate for accident damage.  Most of them had no history of hospitalization and did not mention " seeing death scene or seeing one suffer". In 69.7% of cases return to work or school did not happen six weeks after accident. Mean and standard deviation of length of period taken to return to work or school in those who did so was  20.04 ±3.4 days.  

Conclusion: According to  documents obtained in this study, a considerable percent of injured consisted of young men, less experienced, motorcycle drivers, head of household and concerned about compensating financial damages and almost two-third of samples did not return to work after six weeks. In attention to study results, it is needed to notice common risk factors and take preventive measures.

Key words: Epidmiology, trauma, Traffic accident

1. MSc in Nursing education(Psychiatric nursing), Instructor of Guilan University of Medical Sciences

2. Nursing Student in Rasht Shahid Beheshti Faculty of  Nursing and Midwifery

3. BSN, Poursina Therapeutic Educational Center

4. BS in Occupational Health in Masal Health Center

5. MSc in governmental Management, Guilan University of Medical Sciences

Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/24 | Accepted: 2014/08/24 | Published: 2014/08/24

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