Volume 19, Issue 1 (4-2009)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2009, 19(1): 43-48 | Back to browse issues page

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zandyeh M, fakhar N, karami M. Robotic surgery: change in new surgery techniques. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2009; 19 (1) :43-48
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-287-en.html
1- , zandyeh@umsh.ac.ir ‎
Abstract:   (4001 Views)

Medical science experts have reached scientific and technological improvements in recent ‎decades and have turned surgery into a routine treatment by controlling its complications. ‎Cumulative changes in surgery resulted in decreased pain and discomfort and controlled ‎complications. The developmental path and changes have resulted in endoscopic with minimal ‎invasive surgery (MIS) in which only few small incisions are made on the body and surgery is ‎done through video control which otherwise required more and larger incision with more ‎complication. But this method with all the usefulness has some problems such as discrepancy ‎between surgeon's eye and hand, indirect and two dimensional vision, limited degree of ‎freedom of instruments and surgeon's fatigue. In addition this type of surgery needs complete ‎education and skill. The sum of these factors limits the use of MIS. In order to overcome these ‎problems, robotic surgery method is invented. In this method like MIS, a few small incisions ‎are made and surgeon is able to perform the surgery from a distance by a three dimension ‎vision by controlling the arms of robots which are similar to the movements of human and are ‎placed around the table of surgery. Despite all the benefits of this method, its high cost limits ‎its use. Although it's hopeful that with the improvements of this method and its usefulness, ‎the costs will decrease. ‎

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/23 | Accepted: 2014/08/23 | Published: 2014/08/23

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