Volume 19, Issue 1 (4-2009)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2009, 19(1): 32-37 | Back to browse issues page

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fadakar K, chehrzad M, kamran Z, chanbari P, dolatkhah M. Survey of phlebitis due to peripheral intravenous catheter. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2009; 19 (1) :32-37
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-283-en.html
1- , Fadakar ‎‏83‏@yahoo.com
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Survey of phlebitis due to peripheral intravenous catheter

By: Fadakar Sogheh. K; Chehrzad. M. M;  Kamran. Z; Chambari. P;  Dolatkhah. M  


Introduction: Intravenous catheter despite its high value to deliver fluids and electrolytes has side effects such as phlebitis that is a serious risk for patient.

Objective: This study aims to determine prevalence of peripheral intravenous catheter – induced phlebitis.

Methods: In This descriptive study, 100 hospitalized children in medical and infectious wards of 17 Shahrivar hospital in order of entry to IV Room were selected and examined during 72 hours. The data collection instrument consisted of a three  part questionnaire including demographic information (sex, age, type of illness), information on patients status(serum type, intravenous catheter size, the amount of serum received in 24 hours, place of catheter, medications or other elements received through the catheter and childs activity level), phlebitis degree check list(from zero, meaning the lack phlebitis, to four, by phlebitis size more than 7/5 cm above the injection site) and the time of phlebitis occurrence was used. Data analyzed in SPSS software by descriptive and inferential statistics such as frequency distribution and Chi- square test.

Results: The results showed that 50 percent of children were boys. The majority of them (41%) were under one year old. Seventy-five percent of children were suffering from infectious diseases. Serum D/W 5% was used in 81 percent of children, serum intake, of 42 percent of children in 24 hours was 200 c c. Only 19 percent of children needed complete bed rest ,the most common injection site (43%) was the back of hand , 89 percent of samples  suffered from phlebitis, that majority of them(43%) occurred in second day. There were a significant relationship between phlebitis complication and duration of catheter in place (p<0001) and child activity (p<008) according to X2 test results.

Conclusion: The result of research showed that only 11 percent of children did not have phlebitis so the prevalence of this problem and its relationship with duration use of catheter and child activity needs more attention regarding  prevention of phlebitis thus broader studies in this area is recommended.

Keywords: phlebitis, catheterization, peripheral, children hospitalized                                          

Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/23 | Accepted: 2014/08/23 | Published: 2014/08/23

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