Volume 19, Issue 1 (4-2009)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2009, 19(1): 32-37 | Back to browse issues page

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fadakar K, chehrzad M, kamran Z, chanbari P, dolatkhah M. Survey of phlebitis due to peripheral intravenous catheter. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2009; 19 (1) :32-37
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-283-en.html
1- , Fadakar ‎‏83‏@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5778 Views)

Introduction:‎‏ ‏Intravenous catheter despite its high value to deliver fluids and electrolytes has ‎side effects such as phlebitis that is a serious risk for patient. ‎

Objective:‎‏ ‏This study aims to determine prevalence of peripheral intravenous catheter – ‎induced phlebitis.‎

Methods: In This descriptive study, ‎‏100‏‎ hospitalized children in medical and infectious ‎wards of ‎‏17‏‎ Shahrivar hospital in order of entry to IV Room were selected and examined ‎during ‎‏72‏‎ hours. The data collection instrument consisted of a three part questionnaire ‎including demographic information (sex,‎‏ ‏age,‎‏ ‏type of illness), information on patients ‎status(serum type,‎‏ ‏intravenous catheter size, the amount of serum received in ‎‏24‏‎ hours, place ‎of catheter, medications or other elements received through the catheter and child, s activity ‎level), phlebitis degree check list(from zero, meaning the lack phlebitis, to four,‎‏ ‏by phlebitis ‎size more than ‎‏7/5‏‎ cm above the injection site) and the time of phlebitis occurrence was used. ‎Data analyzed in SPSS software by descriptive and inferential statistics such as frequency ‎distribution and Chi- square test.

‎ Results:‎‏ ‏The results showed that ‎‏50‏‎ percent of children were boys. The majority of them ‎‎(‎‏41%‏‎) were under one year old. Seventy-five percent of children were suffering from ‎infectious diseases.‎‏ ‏Serum D/W ‎‏5%‏‎ was used in ‎‏81‏‎ percent of children,‎‏ ‏serum intake, of ‎‏42‏‎ ‎percent of children in ‎‏24‏‎ hours was ‎‏200‏‎ c c. Only ‎‏19‏‎ percent of children needed complete bed ‎rest ,the most common injection site (‎‏43%‏‎) was the back of hand , ‎‏89‏‎ percent of samples ‎suffered from phlebitis,‎‏ ‏that majority of them(‎‏43%‏‎) occurred in second day. There were a ‎significant relationship between phlebitis complication and duration of catheter in place‏ ‏‎(p<‎‏0001‏‎) and‏ ‏child activity (p<‎‏008‏‎) according to X‏2‏‎ test results. ‎

 Conclusion: The result of research showed that only ‎‏11‏‎ percent of children did not have ‎phlebitis so the prevalence of this problem and its relationship with duration use of catheter ‎and child activity needs more attention regarding prevention of phlebitis thus broader studies ‎in this area is recommended. ‎ ‎

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/23 | Accepted: 2014/08/23 | Published: 2014/08/23

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