Volume 18, Issue 2 (10-2008)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2008, 18(2): 44-50 | Back to browse issues page

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, Shahinsavadzadeh@ yahoo.com‎
Abstract:   (6818 Views)

Introduction: Drug addiction as bio – psycho – social phenomena is a sad tragedy which has ‎unpleasant economic, cultural and social out comes. Drug use during pregnancy has various ‎complications for both mother and fetus and involves great economic and health costs.‎

 Methods: Present study is a review of literature in reliable scientific sites from ‎‏1996‏‎ – ‎‏2008‏‎.‎

Content: Drug addiction is a cute and chronic condition that needs continuous use and results ‎in psychological and physical dependence. Drug use in pregnancy increases the risk of ‎mortality and morbidity during prenatal period. Problems due to drug abuse during pregnancy ‎include spontaneous abortion, premature delivery, fetal distress, low birth weight, premature ‎umbilical separation and growth retardation. These problems accompany economic, social, ‎physical and family complications, therefore active intervention of cultural, security, economic ‎and health committees are necessary. The essential part of addiction management in addicted ‎pregnant women is to motivate them to receive prenatal care, take methadone, and necessary ‎consultation.‎

Conclusion: Findings show that increased knowledge and understanding of drug abuse ‎makes us powerful to decrease shortcomings.‎ Key words:

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/23 | Accepted: 2014/08/23 | Published: 2014/08/23

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