Volume 18, Issue 2 (10-2008)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2008, 18(2): 1-8 | Back to browse issues page

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panahandeh Z, dostdar sanaye M. Effect of the occupational health training on knowledge level of hairdressers ‎toward HIV and HBV transmission and prevention in Rasht. J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2008; 18 (2) :1-8
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-272-en.html
1- , Z_panahandeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4616 Views)

Introduction: Information on knowledge related to HIV/AIDS and HBV is essential in ‎identifying populations most at risk for infection and in better understanding the dynamics of ‎the epidemic. ‎

 Objective: Determination of knowledge about HIV and HBV infection in trained and ‎untrained hairdressers in Rasht.‎

 Methods: In a cross- sectional study in spring of ‎‏2006‏‎, ‎‏456‏‎ hairdressers completed a self- ‎administered questionnaire about routes of transmission and prevention of HIV and HBV ‎infection. The questions were designed according to the standard questionnaire of WHO. It ‎contained three parts, demographic, knowledge and source of knowledge. Level of ‎knowledge was classified to weak, moderate and good according to the knowledge scores. ‎Data analysis was done by SPSS version ‎‏11.5‏‎. We used chi-square test for statistical ‎analysis. P-value<‎‏0.05‏‎ was considered significant. ‎

Results: About ‎‏59%‏‎ of hairdressers were trained about occupational health. More than‏ 90%‏‎ ‎of subjects believed that AIDS and Hepatitis-B are an important public health problem in Iran. ‎Knowledge level of most of subjects (‎‏76%‏‎) was in moderate level. In trained group level of ‎appropriate knowledge toward HBV and HIV was ‎‏17.3%‏‎ and ‎‏29%‏‎ and in untrained women ‎‏3.6%‏‎ and ‎‏9.4%‏‎ respectively (P<‎‏0.001‏‎). The most important source of knowledge in ‎trained hairdressers was health training classes and in second group was TV.

‎ Conclusion: Knowledge level of trained subjects was higher than others but not adequate. ‎

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/23 | Accepted: 2014/08/23 | Published: 2014/08/23

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