Volume 21, Issue 1 (4-2011)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2011, 21(1): 46-51 | Back to browse issues page

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1- , S_Gafroudi@ gums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6623 Views)

Introduction: In elderly, autonomy is threatened due to physical and mental disability. This ‎disability in activity of daily living is a chronic condition that causes cost disbursement in ‎society and reduce older people’s quality of life.

‎ Objective: The aim of this study is to determine and compare retired elderly’s ability in ‎activity of daily living based on demographic characteristics in Rasht.‎

 Methods: This study is a cross- sectional descriptive study that includes ‎‏194‏‎ retired elders in ‎governmental organizations. Data collection is done by Katz questionnaire and for assessment ‎of activity of daily‏ ‏living (ADL) ability and instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) ‎Lawton questionnaire was used. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS version ‎‏16‏‎.‎

 Results:‎‏ ‏Study results showed that although elderly needed help in activity of daily living ‎such as bathing, walking and appearance conditions but‏ ‏none were in completely dependent ‎group after scoring. In independency domain in instrumental ADL, ‎‏86‏‎.‎‏6‏‎% of them were ‎independent, ‎‏10‏‎.‎‏3‏‎% of them needed help and ‎‏3‏‎.‎‏1‏‎% of them were completely dependent. In ‎demographic characteristics, autonomy in activity of daily living correlates with age, marital ‎status, education and illness.‎

Conclusion: Because of significant correlation between disability in activity of daily living by ‎increasing age, female gender and morbidity, planning for education classes, providing posters ‎and pamphlet based on life style correction and prevention of musculoskeletal diseases is an ‎important step in getting elders to effective and healthy life.‎

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/3 | Accepted: 2014/08/3 | Published: 2014/08/3

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