Volume 32, Issue 3 (6-2022)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2022, 32(3): 186-195 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Nursing (MSN), Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Professor, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. , zparsa@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (315 Views)
Introduction: Women with Breast Cancer (BC) under chemotherapy are at risk of complications affecting their Quality of Life (QoL), which need specific discharge planning.
Objective: This study aims to investigate the effect of a discharge planning program on the QoL of women with BC.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 72 women with BC undergoing chemotherapy referred to oncology wards in Kermanshah, Iran. They were divided into groups of intervention (n=35) and control group (n=35) using the block randomization method. For the intervention group, the discharge planning program was implemented individually and in group at least 4 sessions, each for 30-45 minutes. Patients’ QoL in both groups was measured before, one month after, and three months after intervention using two questionnaires of European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (QLQ C-30 and QLQ-BR23). The collected data were analyzed using ANOVA, chi-square test, t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA. The significance level was set at 0.05.
Results: The mean age of participants was 47.71±10.4 years, and majority of them were in the second stage of BC. There was a significant difference in all functional scales of QoL in the intervention group over time from baseline to three months after discharge (P<0.05), except in sexual functioning (P=0.119) and sexual enjoyment (P=0.210).
Conclusion: The discharge planning program has a positive effect on the Quality of Life of women with Brest Cancer.
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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/02/20 | Accepted: 2022/02/9 | Published: 2022/07/1

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