Volume 29, Issue 1 (1-2019)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2019, 29(1): 50-55 | Back to browse issues page

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Salimi Kivi M, Jamei-Moghadam M, Khoshlahni H, Heidarzadeh M, Kamran A, Shahabi H. Psychological Changes in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2019; 29 (1) :50-55
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-821-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Midwifery (BSc.), Khalkhal Medical College, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
2- Nursing (BSc.), Student Research Committee, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Critical Care, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran. , m.mahda@gmail.com
4- Associate Professor, Educational Development Professor, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (309 Views)

Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) as a stressful event, despite causing negative psychological changes, may lead to positive ones as well.
Objective: This study was mainly conducted to examine the implications of posttraumatic growth and demoralization and also to determine the relationship between them in patients with MS.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, in which the research population included all patients with MS who were the member of Ardabil Multiple Sclerosis Association. Using convenience sampling method, 146 eligible patients completed the posttraumatic growth tool and the demoralization scale. The obtained data were analyzed by using descriptive (mean, range, frequency, standard deviation) and inferential (Pearson correlation coefficient) statistics.
Results: The Mean±SD age of the participants was 33.59±8.70 years, and most of them were female (67.8%), married (67.1%) and had a high school diploma (49.3%). The Mean±SD scores of posttraumatic growth and demoralization were 65.23±17.1 and 34.71±18.22, respectively. Also, a significant inverse correlation was obtained between demoralization with posttraumatic growth (P<0.001; r=-0.57) and its dimensions (P<0.001; r=-0.23 to -0.57).
Conclusion: By decreasing the score of negative psychological changes (demoralization), the score of positive psychological changes (posttraumatic growth) increases in the MS patients. Nurses, psychological counselors, and other community caregivers can provide the context to create positive changes in MS patients, by reducing demoralization and resolving patients’ psychological problems.

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/06/6 | Accepted: 2018/10/25 | Published: 2019/01/1

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