Volume 26, Number 2 (6-2016)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2016, 26(2): 98-106 | Back to browse issues page


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Namazi A, Alizadeh S. Health Knowledge of Pregnant Women on Anemia and its Complication in Pregnancy. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2016; 26 (2) :98-106
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-692-en.html

, anamazi55@yahoo.com
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Health Knowledge of Pregnant Women on Anemia and its Complication in Pregnancy

By: Namazi A1*, Alizadeh Sh2

1- Department of midwifery(MSc), Instructor, Islamic Azad University of Rasht branch, Rasht, Iran

2- PhD Candidate in Reproductive Health, Instructor, Islamic Azad University of Rasht branch, Rasht, Iran

Received: 2014/02/16

Accepted: 2014/05/14

Abstract

چمقدمه : نحوه ارتباط والدین با فرزندان با سبک فرزندپروری آنان ارتباط دارد.سبکهای فرزندپروری نقش مهمی در شکل گیری شخصیت بهنجار و نابهنجار در کودکان داشته و در صورت بکار گیری سبکهای ناکارآمد در تربیت کودکان می تواند منجر به پیامدهای منفی متعددی از جمله مشکلات رفتاری در آنان گردد.Introduction: Anemia is a serious issue of health care and is one of the most important nutritional problems in the world. Knowledge and practices of pregnant women based on their beliefs play an important role in anemia prevention therefore its assessment is necessary.

Objective: The purpose of study was to determine the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women and their health knowledge and its complication in pregnancy.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 393 pregnant women were selected with nonprobability sampling method and the study was carried out in the first half of year 2013. Questionnaire was used to collect general information and knowledge level assessment regarding four domains of preventive measures, methods, inducing factors, disease symptoms and anemia complication in pregnancy. Blood samples were collected for hemoglobin estimation. Descriptive, Chi-square and
t- student test were used for statistical analysis.

Rیافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که سبک فرزندپروری مقتدرانه هم با نمره کل مشکلات رفتاری درونی سازی (003/RResults: Overall prevalence of anemia among the women was found to be 28.8%. The results have shown relatively moderate levels on prevention methods scores and knowledge of anemia factors, low level knowledge on disease symptoms and moderate level of knowledge on complications. Also there were a statistically significant relationship between the prevalence of anemia and knowledge score on prevention methods, disease symptoms and total knowledge score in pregnant women(p<0.05).

Conclusion: According to the finding of this study, prevalence of anemia was very high. It is necessary for health system to properly plan for effective factors to decrease this disease such as people’s awareness.

Keywords: Knowledge, Health, Awareness, Pregnant Women, Pregnancy, Anemia

Corresponding Author: Asie Namazi, Rasht, Islamic Azad University

Email: anamazi55@yahoo.com

                    

Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2016/06/6 | Accepted: 2016/06/6 | Published: 2016/06/6

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