Volume 26, Issue 2 (6-2016)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2016, 26(2): 90-97 | Back to browse issues page


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Naseh L, Shaikhy R, Rafiei H. General Self-Efficacy and Associated Factors among Elderly Residents of Nursing Home. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2016; 26 (2) :90-97
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-691-en.html

, Hosseinrafiei21@yahoo.com
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General Self-Efficacy and Associated Factors among Elderly

Residents of Nursing Home

By: Naseh L1, Shaikhy RA2, Rafiei H3*

1-Department of  Nursing, Instructor,  School of  Nursing and  Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2- Department of  Nursing, Instructor,  PhD student of  Nursing, School of  Nursing and  Midwifery, Shahrekord, University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran

3- Department of  Nursing, Instructor,  Social Health Determinant Research Center (SHDRC), School of  Nursing and  Midwifery, Qazvin University of  Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Received: 2014/01/25

Accepted: 2014/07/14

Abstract

Introduction: Elderly people encounter with multiple disabilities, stress, anxiety and challenges, which effect on their quality of life. Self-efficacy may encourage them to improve self-care activities, challenges, life satisfaction and quality of their life.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate general self-efficacy and the related factors among elderly in residential home.

Methods: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study. A total of 87 elderly who lives in Charmahal o Bakhtiyari rest-home nursing were recruited by census. The data were collected with General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE-10) and then analyzed using independent t-test, ANOVA and regression test.

Results: The mean score of the general self-efficacy was 22.95±8.02 (from 10 - 40 score) indicating that most of the participants (69%) had low level of self-efficacy (under 25 score). General self-efficacy was associated with age, gender, educational level and satisfaction of rest-home nursing (P<0.01), but the relationship between self-efficacy, marital status and duration of living residential home nursing was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Moreover, general self- efficacy was mostly related with sex (β=-0.541, P=0.0001).

Conclusion: The present study provided useful information about self-efficacy and its related factors among elderly living residential home. This information can be used for designing and performing appropriate nursing interventions to promote elderly general self-efficacy.

Keywords: Self Efficacy, Aged, Homes for the Aged

*Corresponding Author: Hossein Rafiei, Qazvin, University of  Medical Science

Email: Hosseinrafiei21@yahoo.com

Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2016/06/6 | Accepted: 2016/06/6 | Published: 2016/06/6

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