Volume 25, Number 3 (9-2015)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2015, 25(3): 55-62 | Back to browse issues page


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Mirsolimany H, Mokhtari N, Mirhadiyan L, Kazemnejad Leili E. Survey predictors of overweight and obesity in children beginning . J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2015; 25 (3) :55-62
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-526-en.html

Instructor Guilan University of Medical Sciences , Lake.nasrin@gmail.com
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Survey predictors of overweight and obesity in children beginning

elementary school in Rasht city

استاد راهنما: سرکار خانم سیده زهرا شفیع پورBy: Mirsolimany H1, Mokhtari L N2*, Mirhadiyan L3, Kazemnejad Leili E 4

1) MS in Nursing (Health education), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

2) Department of Nursing (Health), Instructor, Social determinants of health research center (SDHRC), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

3) Department of Nursing (Health), Instructor,student in Ph.D, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

4) Bio – Statistic, Associate professor, Social determinants of health research center (SDHRC), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Received: 2013/06/05

Accepted:2013/11/11

Abstract

چمقدمه : نحوه ارتباط والدین با فرزندان با سبک فرزندپروری آنان ارتباط دارد.سبکهای فرزندپروری نقش مهمی در شکل گیری شخصیت بهنجار و نابهنجار در کودکان داشته و در صورت بکار گیری سبکهای ناکارآمد در تربیت کودکان می تواند منجر به پیامدهای منفی متعددی از جمله مشکلات رفتاری در آنان گردد.Introduction: Overweight and obesity is one of health related problems that its prevalence in developed and developing countries is on rise and has become a public health problem.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the predictors of overweight and obesity in children beginning elementary schools in the city of Rasht.

Methods: This descriptive cross - sectional study was conducted on 426 children aging 6-7 years old, who were selected by stratified randomized method from two districts of Rasht city from all children who referred to National program of children health measurement. Data collection instrument consisted of a researcher made questionnaire to assess predictors of overweight and obesity and sample’s demographic characteristics. Data were analyzed using t-test and ANOVA and Pearson correlation test.

Rیافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که سبک فرزندپروری مقتدرانه هم با نمره کل مشکلات رفتاری درونی سازی (003/RResults: The results showed that 8.6% of boys and 14 percent of children are overweight and 19% of boys and 15.3% of girls are obese. There was a positive relationship between children’s overweight and obesity with family history of obesity (p<0.001), maternal BMI (p<0.02), amount of food eaten in comparison with same age children (p<0.001) and the amount of physical activity for children (p=0.02).

Conclusions: Four variables of family history of obesity, maternal body mass index, and parents’ view on food taken compared with other same age children and hours of physical activity were shown as predictors of overweight and obesity in children entering elementary school. It is necessary to teach parents and children prevention of obesity. 

Keywords: Overweight, Pediatric Obesity, Child                                      

*Corresponding Author: Nasrin Mokhtari, Rasht, School of Nursing and Midwifery

  Email: Lake.nasrin@gmail.com

Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/09/20 | Accepted: 2015/09/20 | Published: 2015/09/20

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