Volume 25, Number 3 (9-2015)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2015, 25(3): 46-54 | Back to browse issues page


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Alipour Z, Eskandari N, Izadi Tamhe A, Faezipour A, Abedini Z, Khoramirad Rad A. Relationship between personality characteristics and use of antibiotics . J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2015; 25 (3) :46-54
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-520-en.html

Instructor Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , narges.eskandari@sbmu.ac.ir
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Relationship between personality characteristics and use of antibiotics

among college students

By: Alipour Z1, Eskandari N2*, Izadi Tamhe A3, Faezipour A4, Abedini Z5, Khoramirad A5

1) Department of Midwifery, Instructor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

2) Department of Midwifery, PhD Candidate of Reproductive Health Student, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3)Department of Psychology, Assistant Professor, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran.

4) Medical - Surjical Group, Instructor, School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

5) Department of Nursing, Instructor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

Received: 2013/09/29

Accepted: 2013/11/10

Abstract

Introduction: Despite the emphasis of World Health Organization on limiting antibiotics, its use is increasing worldwide. Since studies have shown that personality has a role in determining individuals’ health behavior ,thus it is possible to change one’s health behaviors like self medication through suitable interventions.   

Objective: Present study aims to determine the relationship between personality characteristics and self use of antibiotics among students.

Methods: In this co relational descriptive study, 405 students of Qom universities entered the study by available sampling method and were asked to complete both questionnaires of Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Inventory and demographic information. Data were analyzed through­­ descriptive and inferential statistics such as t-test, Mann Whitney and chi-square.

Rیافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که سبک فرزندپروری مقتدرانه هم با نمره کل مشکلات رفتاری درونی سازی (003/RResults: Study participants consisted of 255 female and 150 male students with an average age of 21.76 ± 4.39 years. 53.8% of students stated using antibiotics in last three months and of which 49.8% obtained antibiotics by physician prescription, and the rest (50.2%) without a prescription. The most common cause of antibiotic use was symptoms of cold and rhinorhea and Amoxicillin was the most used antibiotic. No feeling of need to refer to physician during illness was listed as the most common reason for self-medication with antibiotics. Study results indicated that participants had moderate level of neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness. The mean score of personality dimensions showed no significant difference in two groups of self-medication users and non-users (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of self-medication among students, it is necessary to increase awareness and promote development of students' attitudes and performance through proper interventions. Also, further studies seem necessary on impact of personality characteristics and psychological aspects on self medication of antibiotics.

Keywords: Anti-Bacterial Agents, Personality, Students

 

*Corresponding Author: Narges Eskandari, Tehran, Shahid Beheshti University

  Email: narges.eskandari@sbmu.ac.ir

Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/09/19 | Accepted: 2015/09/20 | Published: 2015/09/20

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