Volume 25, Number 2 (6-2015)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2015, 25(2): 73-83 | Back to browse issues page


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Karimi H, Shirinkam F, Sajjadi P, Sharifi M, Bayandari M. Dietary pattern, breakfast and snack consumption among middle school students. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2015; 25 (2) :73-83
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-462-en.html

Instructor School of Nursing and Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences , hengameh karimister@gmail.com
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Dietary pattern, breakfast and snack consumption among middle school students

استاد راهنما: سرکار خانم سیده زهرا شفیع پورBy: Karimi H 1*, Shirinkam F2, Sajjadi P³ ,  Sharifi M4, Bayandari M5

1) Department of Nursing(Medical – Surgical) ,Instructor, Ramsar School of Nursing and Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

2) Department of  Nursing(Health), Instructor, Ramsar School of  Nursing and Midwifery, Babol University of  Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

3) Department of Social Medical, Instructor,  Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

4) MSc. Nursing Student (Medical –Surgical ), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan  University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

5) Department of Nursing, Ramsar School of Nursing and Midwifery,Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Received: 2013/04/08

Accepted: 2013/08/11

Abstract

چمقدمه : نحوه ارتباط والدین با فرزندان با سبک فرزندپروری آنان ارتباط دارد.سبکهای فرزندپروری نقش مهمی در شکل گیری شخصیت بهنجار و نابهنجار در کودکان داشته و در صورت بکار گیری سبکهای ناکارآمد در تربیت کودکان می تواند منجر به پیامدهای منفی متعددی از جمله مشکلات رفتاری در آنان گردد.Introduction: Appropriate nutrition is necessary all through life and it's an important factor in student learning and education development. Malnutrition in adolescents may affect cognitive abilities necessary for learning process and consequently educational achievement.

Objective: This study was conducted to determine dietary pattern, breakfast and snack in guidance school students in Ramsar city.

Methods: In this cross sectional descriptive analytical study 208 governmental middle schools were selected by cluster sampling. Data were gathered by demographic questionnaire and HFFQ (Harvard’s Food Frequency Questionnaire)  . Data were analyzed using descriptive and analytic statistics (chi-square, kruskal –wallis) .

Results: Based on study findings, the main food group consumption of most participants (56.2%) were unsatisfactory. 92.8 % of samples ate breakfast at home and 96.2 % had snack in school. Samples always consumed milk products (34.1%) meat (10.6%), egg (13.9%), vegetables (17.4%) and fruits (34.1%). There was significant relationship between sex and frequency of milk (P< 0.02), meat (p<0.00001), egg (p< 0.004) and sours consumption (p< 0.04).

Conclusion: Study results indicated the need for governmental policies to focus on promotion of nutrition education through students and parents education programs by incorporating it in the school curriculum.

Keywords: Nutritional Status, Breakfast, Students, Adolescent

*Corresponding Author: Hengame Karimi, Babol, Nursing and Midwifery school

Email: hengameh karimister@gmail.com

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/15 | Accepted: 2015/06/15 | Published: 2015/06/15

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