Volume 25, Issue 2 (6-2015)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2015, 25(2): 33-41 | Back to browse issues page


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Heidarzadeh M, Rassouli M, Shahbolaghi F, Alavi Majd H, Mirzaei H, Tahmasebi M. Assessing dimensions of posttraumatic growth of cancer in survived patients. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2015; 25 (2) :33-41
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-457-en.html

Associate professor School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran , Rassouli.m@gmail.com
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Assessing dimensions of posttraumatic growth of cancer in survived patients

BY: Heidarzadeh M1, Rassouli M2, Mohammadi Shahbolaghi F3, Alavi Majd H4,

Mirzaei H5, Tahmasebi M6

1) Department of Nursing (Medical-Surgical), Assistant Professor, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardebil, Iran

2) Department of Nursing (pediatrics) ,Associate professor, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3) Department of Nursing, Associate Professor, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

4) Department of Biostatistics, Professor, School of allied health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5) Department of Oncology and Radiotherapy, Associate professor, Shohada Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6) Gynecologist, Palliative Medicine Fellow, Assistant professor, Cancer Institute of Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of  Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 

Received: 2013/07/16

Accepted: 2013/09/30

Abstract

Introduction: Posttraumatic growth is defined as subjective positive psychological changes following the struggle with highly challenging life events.

Objective: The aim of current study was to determine dimensions of posttraumatic growth in patients with cancer.

Methods: This is cross-sectional descriptive study. Study population included all cancer patients of two main referral hospitals in Tehran and samples consisted of 402 patients who had the entrance criteria were chosen by convenience method. Instruments used included demographic characteristics questionnaire and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory. For data analysis, descriptive and analytical statistical tests (T-test and Variance analysis) were used.

Results:  Mean age of samples was 46/7 ± 14 and 60% were female, 38/5% had metastatic cancer. The mean Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) score of the participants was 68/68 ± 14/68. Among dimensions of post trauma, the dimension of "spiritual changes" and "communication with others" had the highest score (7/63±2/13 and 25/03±4/9 respectively). From different variables age (r= 0/193; P<0/001) had reverse relation with post traumatic growth and significant difference was shown between level of education, (P<0/013), income (P<0/15) and growth after trauma.

Conclusion: Study results showed that despite many physical, psychological and social problems in cancer patients, confronting such stressful trauma can result in positive psychological outcome.

Keywords: Neoplasm, Stress, Psychological, Patients

Corresponding Author: Maryam Rasuli, Tehran, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

Email: Rassouli.m@gmail.com

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/15 | Accepted: 2015/06/15 | Published: 2015/06/15

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