Volume 25, Number 1 (4-2015)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2015, 25(1): 35-44 | Back to browse issues page


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Kouchakzadeh Talami S, Namazi A, Zarkesh M. Symptoms Related to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Preschool Children based on parents report . J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2015; 25 (1) :35-44
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-403-en.html

, Skouchakzadeh@gmail.com
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Symptoms Related to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Preschool Children based on parents report

By: Kouchakzadeh Talami S1*, Namazi A2, Zarkesh M3

1) Department of Nursing (Pediatrics), Instructor, Rasht Branch Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran                                                                                                    

2) Department of Midwifery, Instructor, Rasht Branch Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran                                                                                                    

3) Department of Pediatric, Assistant Professor, 17Shahrivar Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Received: 2013/02/11

Accepted: 2013/08/05

Abstract

Introduction: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurological problems throughout childhood. All symptoms start from preschool age, consequently delay on treatment could create sever complications.

Objective: This study has planned to determine ADHD symptoms among preschool children based on rate of recurrence by parents report.

Methods: this cross-sectional study were carried out for 8 months on 300 children at age of 3-6 years old who referred to childrens clinic in 17 shahrivar hospital in Rasht. Data collection were carried out using Pavuluri,s questionnaire method which contained two section, in the first section, demographic information of the patients and family , in the second section, childrens symptoms were recorded. Date analysis performed via descriptive and analytic, x2 and
t-student.

Results: In the present study the Ages distribution were between 3-6 years old which 60.3% of the symptoms were found among 5 year old children.

The boys (58.3%) were highest participant. Frequency of ADHD was 67.3%. The most symptoms reported by parents were producing high sound in the play field and jump in middle of conversation and intervention in other children play field. Statistical communication was significant, between age (P=0.004) and father education level (p=0.001) and between birth number (p=0.001), sex (p=0.001) and familys money rate (p=0.05) with frequency ADHD. Communication wasnt between age and mother education, job, parent relative, breast feeding during.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study and rate of recurrences of the symptoms of ADHD between children, holding training sessions for parents and teachers is essential.

Keywords: Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Preschool child, Parents

*Corresponding Author: Sobhaneh Kouchakzadeh Talami, Department of Nursing (Pediatrics), Instructor, Rasht Branch Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran                                                                                                      

Email: Skouchakzadeh@gmail.com

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/03/9 | Accepted: 2015/03/9 | Published: 2015/03/9

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