Volume 18, Issue 1 (4-2008)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2008, 18(1): 9-15 | Back to browse issues page

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Panahandeh Z, Dousdar Sanaye M. Infants' complementary food pattern and mothers' knowledge in rural areas in ‎Rasht city. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2008; 18 (1) :9-15
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-262-en.html
1- , Z_panahandeh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2135 Views)

Introduction:‎‏ ‏Prompt start of complementary food and mothers' knowledge regarding it is ‎very important for the child’s nutritional status.‎ Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess infants' pattern of complementary food ‎and nutritional knowledge of mothers in rural areas in Rasht city.‎ Methods: In a cross-sectional study in summer of ‎‏2006‏‎, among a group of women who ‎attended rural public health centers for infantile care in Rasht, we selected ‎‏269‏‎ women, by ‎random multi-stage cluster sampling. Demographic data, introduction time and type of ‎complementary food, knowledge and source of information were collected during interview ‎and recorded in a questionnaire. Depending on knowledge scores, the knowledge was ‎categorized in three levels: weak, intermediate and good. We used Fisher’s Exact‏ ‏and Chi-‎square tests for statistical analysis and p<‎‏0.05‏‎ as significant.

‎ Results: In this study ‎‏91.8%‏‎ of mothers had good nutritional knowledge. Rate of exclusive ‎breast feeding was ‎‏93%‏‎. For more than ‎‏80%‏‎ of children Fereni (combination of milk and rice ‎powder) was the first complementary food at the beginning. About ‎‏93%‏‎ of children were ‎predominantly fed with homemade-food after the first year of their life and ‎‏33%‏‎ ate less than ‎‏5‏‎ meals a day. Rate of breast milk weaning was ‎‏17%‏‎ at the end of the first year. The first ‎source of nutritional knowledge of mothers was local health centers.

‎ Conclusion: Women in this study had appropriate knowledge and performed according to ‎advised complementary food pattern. In attention to the important role of health centers in ‎increasing mothers' knowledge level regarding complementary food, giving more attention to ‎these centers is necessary.‎

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/17 | Accepted: 2014/08/17 | Published: 2014/08/17

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