Volume 16, Number 2 (10-2006)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2006, 16(2): 8-13 | Back to browse issues page


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delaram M, akbari N. Weight gain in pregnancy and its correlation with birth weight of infants in ‎women Who reffered to obstetric wards of Hajar hospital in Shahrekord. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2006; 16 (2) :8-13
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-236-en.html

, mdelaram@skums.ac.ir
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Weight gain in pregnancy and its correlation with birth weight of infants in women Who reffered to obstetric wards of Hajar hospital in Shahrekord

By: Delaram. M. MS in Midwifery, Akbari. N. MSN

Abstract:

Introduction: Birth weight is one of the main determinators for somatic and mental growth in infants and it is an important symptom of intrauterine growth. Thus recognition of factors that affects the low birth weight and elimination of them is important.

Objective: This study was designed to detect the weight gain in pregnancy and its correlation with birth weight of infants.

Methods: Six hundred pregnant women were selected randomly from those reffered to delivery room in Hajar hospital. Data was collected by a questionnaire using interview with mothers, prenatal and infants’ records. We used similar scale to measure the mothers and infants weight. Age of mother less than 18 and more than 35, gestational age less than 37 weeks, twin pregnancy, history of abortion  and intrauterine fetal death, smoking’ drinking of alcohol and medical history of diseases in mother, were excluded. Data were analyzed by SPSS(t- test, chi-square test and one way ANOVA test).

Results:  The mean weight gain in pregnancy was 11.4 AWT IMAGE 3.6 kg. This mean was increased with increase in number of delivery (P=0.01), mothers’ education level (P=0.01) and also in CS (P=0.006). The mean birth weight was 3179.08 AWT IMAGE433.10 only 7.3 % of infants had birth weight less than 2500g. There was a significant relationship between birth weight and multiparty, mothers’ education level, weight at beginning of pregnancy, weight gain during pregnancy and sex of infant (P=0.05).

But in regression statistics, only weight at beginning of pregnancy, increase weight gain during pregnancy and mothers’ level of education were significant predictors of infants’ birth weight.

Conclusion: Results of this study shows the importance of mothers’ weight in beginning and during pregnancy as criteria for identifying mothers who are at risk of giving birth to low birth weight infants. After identifying these mothers, better and more care can be given and also give them necessary information.

Key Words: weight gain, pregnancy, birth weight

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/16 | Accepted: 2014/08/16 | Published: 2014/08/16

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