Volume 22, Number 1 (4-2012)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2012, 22(1): 54-60 | Back to browse issues page


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Emami Sigaroodi A, Salsali M, Basiri H. Comparative survey between quantitative and qualitative paradigms (part II)‎. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2012; 22 (1) :54-60
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-179-en.html

, kasraema‏2004‏@yahoo.com
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Comparative survey between quantitative and qualitative paradigms (part II)

By: Emami A1, SalsaliM2, Basiri H3

Abstract
As stated in the first part of article, we have stated the four major philosophical paradigms which make up the basis for knowledge(epistemology), the nature and reality(ontology) and the acquisition methods of knowledge(methodology). Thus, according to each paradigm, approach to knowledge is determined.                                                                               

In a more general category, we have two quantitative and qualitative paradigms. Today that method is called quantitative or scientific method, derived from positivism. On this basis, only the experimental scientific method is valid method of research. On the other hand, qualitative methods focused on natural position; therefore, these studies are sometimes called naturalistic study.                        

Since paradigmatic confrontation occurs in fundamental questions of each paradigm, researchers use different sources to determine two paradigms' answer to basic questions, and tables are made to comprise ​​ them. Finally the importance of each was emphasized.

Keywords: Qualitative Research/research/Philosophy,Nursing

1-PhD student in health education, faculty member of Guilan University of Medical Sciences

2-Nursing education, professor, faculty member of Tehran University of Medical Sciences

3-MSc in religious science, faculty member of Guilan University of Medical Sciences

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/3 | Accepted: 2014/08/3 | Published: 2014/08/3

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