Volume 22, Number 1 (4-2012)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2012, 22(1): 1-8 | Back to browse issues page


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Hoseinzadeh T, Paryad E, Asiri S, Kazem Nezhad Leili E. Relationship between perception of illness and general self-efficacy in coronary ‎artery disease patients. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2012; 22 (1) :1-8
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-171-en.html

, e_paryad@gums.ac.ir
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Relationship between perception of illness and general self-efficacy in coronary artery disease patients

By: Hoseinzadeh T1, Paryad A2, Asiri Sh3, Kazemnezhad Leili E4

Abstract

Introduction: Coronary artery disease is one of the most prevalent cardiovascular diseases. Promotion of general self-efficacy after a cardiovascular event is the outcome that plays a pivotal role in increasing rehabilitation skills to modify healthy behaviors. Having desirable illness perception may have promoted this capability.

Objective: This study aims to determine the relationship between   perception of illness and general self-efficacy in coronary artery disease patients.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 195 patients with coronary artery disease, chosen by simple sampling method, were asked to complete questionnaires of perception of illness and general self efficacy. Chi-square test was used to assess the relationship  between  dependent  and  independent  variables  and associated factors in  coronary  artery  disease  patients’  general self-efficacy.

Results: Findings of this study revealed that 74.9% of samples had desirable general self-efficacy. In most cases (73.8%) the level of perception of illness was satisfactory. Survey of variables indicated a significant relationship between perception of illness and age, level of education, occupation status, and previous training regarding self-care. General self-efficacy was significantly related to age, gender, marital status, education level , diagnosis of cardiac disease, living conditions, occupation status, previous training regarding self-care (p<0.05). In addition chi-square test indicated that there was a significant correlation between perception of illness and general self-efficacy in coronary artery disease patients.

Conclusion: Designing clinical educational programs and nursing interventions is effective in improving illness perception and also promotion of patients’ general self-efficacy for better self-care.

Keywords: Self-efficacy / perception/Coronary Artery Disease

1- Nursing Education (Medical-surgical), Instructor of Guilan University of Medical Sciences

2- Nursing education (Medical-surgical), Social Determinants of Health Research Center,  Faculty member of Guilan University of Medical Sciences

3- Nursing education (community health), Faculty member of Guilan University of Medical Sciences

4- Bio-statistics, Assistant professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty member of Guilan University of Medical Sciences

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/3 | Accepted: 2014/08/3 | Published: 2014/08/3

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