Volume 30, Issue 4 (7-2020)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2020, 30(4): 208-216 | Back to browse issues page

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Eslami E, Pakseresht S, Niknami M, Atrkar Roshan Z. Comparison of Breastfeeding Self-efficacy in Mothers with Different Ages. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2020; 30 (4) :208-216
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1470-en.html
1- Midwifery (MSc), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDHRC), Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics, Women Health Promotion, Community Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , nmjpakseresht@gmail.com
3- Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Department of Bio-Statistics, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (553 Views)
Introduction: Breastfeeding is one of the most important health-promoting behaviors and one of the main goals of the World Health Organization. Breastfeeding self-efficacy is an important variable in predicting the duration of breastfeeding and its continuation. Breastfeeding self-efficacy is a modifiable parameter that is affected by various individual and social factors.
Objective: This study aimed to compare breastfeeding self-efficacy levels of mothers with different ages referred to comprehensive health centers.
Methods and Materials: This is a correlational study with a cross-sectional design. Study samples were 460 breastfeeding mothers of different ages referred to comprehensive health centers in Rasht City, Iran in 2019. The data collection tool was a two-part questionnaire: a demographic form and a breastfeeding self-efficacy scale-short form (BSES-SF). Data analysis was performed using the independent t test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and regression.
Results: The mean ± SD scores of breastfeeding self-efficacy were as follows: 43.69 ± 12.48 in mothers under 19 years old, 50.26 ± 10.93 years in mothers aged 19-35 years, and 58.35 ± 8.53 years in mothers over 35 years old. There were statistically significant relationships between breastfeeding self-efficacy and maternal age (P= 0.0001), housing status (P= 0.0001), monthly income (P= 0.0001), breastfeeding history (P= 0.0001) and source of breastfeeding education (P=0.014), number of pregnancies (P= 0.0001) and number of deliveries (P = 0.0001). The variables of maternal age (b= 4.130, P= 0.0001, 95% CI; 2.165-6.051), monthly income (b = 1.735, P = 0.002, 95% CI; 1.239-3.922), breastfeeding history (b= 5.505, P = 0.0001, 95%CI; 4.598-9.183) and number of pregnancies (b= 3.553, P =0.0001, 95% CI; 1.278-4.098) were predictors of breastfeeding self-efficacy.
Conclusion: Breastfeeding self-efficacy increases with the older age and its level is lower in mothers aged < 19 years than in other age groups. Counseling support for mothers at this age is more necessary, and the need-based educational program should be designed for them.
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Article Type : Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/09/27 | Accepted: 2020/07/30 | Published: 2020/07/30

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