Volume 24, Number 2 (7-2014)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2014, 24(2): 18-24 | Back to browse issues page


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Rezasefat Balesbaneh A, Mirhaghjou N, Jafsri Asl M, Kohmanaee S, Kazemnejad Leili E, Monfared A. Correlation between self-care and self-efficacy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2014; 24 (2) :18-24
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-132-en.html

, n.haghjou@gums.ac.ir
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Correlation between self-care and self-efficacy in adolescents with type 1 diabetes

BY: Rezasefat Balesbaneh A1, Mirhaghjou S.N*2,  JafsriAsl M3,  Kohmanaee Sh4,

Kazemnejad Leili E5, Monfared A6

1) MS in Nursing, Therapeutic and Educational Center of 17 Shahrivar, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

2) Department of Midwifery, Instructor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

3) Department of Nursing (pediatrics), Instructor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

4) Pediatric group, Assistant professor, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

5)Bio- Statistics, Assistant professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

6) Department of Nursing (medical-surgical), Instructor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Received: 2012/10/06

Accept: 2013/07/06

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes Type 1 is one of the most common pediatric chronic conditions. Metabolic control and adherence to medications is weaker in adolescents with diabetes type 1 than preadolescent children. Lack of follow up of treatment regime causes short and long term complications in adolescents with diabetes type 1. So this disease demands special self-care behaviors lifelong. One of the most effective factors on self care is self-efficacy.

Objective: Present study aims to determine the correlation between self-care and self-efficacy among adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of three months from January to March 2011. Subjects included all adolescents with type 1 diabetes (about 50 patients) who referred to the clinic of Pediatric Hospital in Rasht. Data were collected through interview using a three part questionnaire covering demographic data, self-efficacy and self-care in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 19, and descriptive and analytical statistics (Pearson correlation square, one way variance).

Results: Mean score of samples’ self-efficacy was 32.91± 11.79 and self-care mean was 131.86 ± 15.88. In this study, Pearson correlation square showed a significant positive correlation between self-care and self-efficacy (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: This study showed a significant positive correlation between self-care and self-efficacy. Therefore self-efficacy is significant pre factor for successful self-care behavior and promotion of self-efficacy methods can improve self-care of diabetic adolescents.

Keywords: Self-efficacy, Self-care, Diabetes Mellitus / type1, Adolescent

*Corresponding. Seyedeh Noushaz Mirhaghjou, Rasht ,School of Nursing and Midwifery

E-mail: N.haghjou@gums.ac.ir                        

.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/06/16 | Accepted: 2014/06/16 | Published: 2014/06/16

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