Volume 25, Number 4 (12-2015)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2015, 25(4): 37-44 | Back to browse issues page


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Jafari H, Baghaei Lake M, Sedghisabet M, Kazemnejadleili E. Benson Muscle Relaxation effect on Patients Anxiety Undertake Diagnostic and Treatment within Electrophysiological Interventions. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2015; 25 (4) :37-44
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-577-en.html

, baghaie@gums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2316 Views)

Abstract

Introduction: Anxiety is a common psychological reaction in invasive diagnostic and therapeutic such as interventions electrophysiological, that requires nursing care management for assessment and application of effectiveness to reduce it.

Objective: The present study have been conducted to determine the effect of Benson relaxation on anxiety in patients waiting for electrophysiological diagnostic and therapeutic interventions.

Methods: This is a clinical trial study on 72 patients waiting for electrophysiological interventions, admitted in Heshmat Hospital - Rasht.  Samples selected through convenience sampling method, and were allocated to intervention (usual care and relaxation) and control (usual care only) groups through Random Block method.  Data were collected using the 2- part questionnaire include personal - clinical data and hospital anxiety and depression scale (only anxiety part) through interview and document records information.  Data were gathered in 2 stages, first before 60-15 minutes and second 5-3 hours before electrophysiology intervention (personal-clinical characteristics and level of anxiety).  Intervention group encouraged to listen to audio instructions Benson relaxation for 10 minutes using headphones, and then exercise for at least 3 times between two steps of study.  Data were analyzed by X2, paired t- test and independent t-test

rResults: The results showed that the mean and standard deviation of anxiety score in the intervention group after the intervention has been much lower than before (3/11 ± 3/43) compared to (7/91 ± 6/70).  Paired t-test between the mean scores before and after relaxation in the intervention (P <0.  0001) and control group (P <0.  0001) was significant.  Finally, independent t-test showed a significant difference (p<0.  0001) between the mean and standard deviation of anxiety score in the second step in two groups, which indicate the effect of relaxation on anxiety patients.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, Benson relaxation significantly reduced the anxiety level in these groups of study.  Therefore nurses could use this method to reduce the level of anxiety in these patients.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/12/1 | Accepted: 2015/12/1 | Published: 2015/12/1

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