Volume 17, Number 1 (4-2007)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2007, 17(1): 16-22 | Back to browse issues page


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khodadady N, sheikholeslami F, rezamasuoleh S, yazdani M. Rate of depression in late-life in superannuated government employed center of ‎Guilan University of medical sciences. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2007; 17 (1) :16-22
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-247-en.html

, n_khodadady @yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2758 Views)

Introduction: Aging is a word used for decreased life abilities with diminished biological ‎morbid. Emotional disorders make up a group of late‏ ‏‎-‎‏ ‏life mental disorders. The most ‎common disorder in elderly is depression. Statistical data show that about ‎‏20‏‎% of American ‎elderly have depression who are usually misdiagnosed and don’t receive proper treatment and ‎this disturbs their life process knowing socio - demographic factors and elderly depression can ‎help nurses to better assess their needs and pay more attention to elderly depression.‎

Objective: The aim is to determine the level of depression and its relationship with socio - ‎demographic characteristics in Rasht city in ‎‏2007‏‎.‎ Methods: This is a correlational descriptive study and ‎‏100‏‎ samples were randomly ‎chosen from elderly of superannuated government employed center.‎‏ ‏The data ‎collection instrument consisted of a two part questionnaire. The first part included ‎twenty personal demographic questions and ‎‏11‏‎ questions regarding social ‎characteristics. The second part included DVYSS standard depression scale with ‎‏30‏‎ ‎questions, which is a two point test in two levels of “Yes” and “No” response and ‎‏5‏‎ ‎‏±‏‎ ‎‏4‏‎ score indicates normal, ‎‏15‏‎ ‎‏±‏‎ ‎‏6‏‎ show mild depression and ‎‏23‏‎ ‎‏±‏‎ ‎‏5‏‎ is sever ‎depression. Finally, the study data were analyzed by descriptive – analylitic statistics ‎and SPSS software. ‎

Results: Finding showed that ‎‏45‏‎.‎‏3%‏‎ of samples had mild and sever depression. ‎Depression is elderly had a significant relationship with married statues (p<‎‏0.007‏‎), ‎satisfaction with place of living (p<‎‏0.000‏‎), use of medicine (p<‎‏0.006‏‎), living with ‎spouse and children (p<‎‏0.0005‏‎), emotional support of family, members (p<‎‏0‏‎.‎‏01‏‎), ‎emotional support of friends (p<‎‏0‏‎.‎‏01‏‎), emotional support of others (p<‎‏0‏‎.‎‏04‏‎), ‎satisfaction with relations (p<‎‏0‏‎.‎‏001‏‎) and satisfaction with overall support (p<‎‏0‏‎.‎‏01‏‎).‎

Conclusion: Current study demonstrates that a significant number of elderly suffer ‎from depression and factors such as drug use, lack of satisfaction with place of ‎living, loneliness, low family, friends and others, emotional support, lack of ‎satisfaction with communication and support are effective in establishing depression.‎

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/16 | Accepted: 2014/08/16 | Published: 2014/08/16

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