Volume 16, Issue 2 (10-2006)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2006, 16(2): 8-13 | Back to browse issues page

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delaram M, akbari N. Weight gain in pregnancy and its correlation with birth weight of infants in ‎women Who reffered to obstetric wards of Hajar hospital in Shahrekord. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2006; 16 (2) :8-13
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-236-en.html
1- , mdelaram@skums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3066 Views)

Introduction: Birth weight is one of the main determinators for somatic and mental growth in ‎infants and it is an important symptom of intrauterine growth. Thus recognition of factors that ‎affects the low birth weight and elimination of them is important.‎

Objective: This study was designed to detect the weight gain in pregnancy and its correlation ‎with birth weight of infants.‎

Methods: Six hundred pregnant women were selected randomly from those reffered to ‎delivery room in Hajar hospital. Data was collected by a questionnaire using interview with ‎mothers, prenatal and infants’ records. We used similar scale to measure the mothers and ‎infants weight. Age of mother less than ‎‏18‏‎ and more than ‎‏35‏‎, gestational age less than ‎‏37‏‎ ‎weeks, twin pregnancy, history of abortion and intrauterine fetal death, smoking’ drinking of ‎alcohol and medical history of diseases in mother, were excluded. Data were analyzed by ‎SPSS(t- test, chi-square test and one way ANOVA test).‎

 Results: The mean weight gain in pregnancy was ‎‏11.4‏‎ ‎ ‎ ‎‏3.6‏‎ kg. This mean was increased ‎with increase in number of delivery (P=‎‏0.01‏‎), mothers’ education level (P=‎‏0.01‏‎) and also in ‎CS (P=‎‏0.006‏‎). The mean birth weight was ‎‏3179‏‎.‎‏08‏‎ ‎ ‏433.10‏‎ only ‎‏7.3‏‎ % of infants had birth ‎weight less than ‎‏2500‏g. There was a significant relationship between birth weight and ‎multiparty, mothers’ education level, weight at beginning of pregnancy, weight gain during ‎pregnancy and sex of infant (P=‎‏0.05‏‎).‎ But in regression statistics, only weight at beginning of pregnancy, increase weight gain ‎during pregnancy and mothers’ level of education were significant predictors of infants’ birth ‎weight.‎

Conclusion: Results of this study shows the importance of mothers’ weight in beginning and ‎during pregnancy as criteria for identifying mothers who are at risk of giving birth to low birth ‎weight infants. After identifying these mothers, better and more care can be given and also ‎give them necessary information.‎

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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/16 | Accepted: 2014/08/16 | Published: 2014/08/16

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