Volume 30, Issue 2 (3-2020)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2020, 30(2): 86-92 | Back to browse issues page


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Mansour Ghanaie M, Abdolahi E, Kazemnezhad Leili E, Hojat Ansari R, Asgari Galebin S M. Comparing the Prevalence of Depression in Postmenopausal Women With and Without Urinary Incontinence. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2020; 30 (2) :86-92
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1383-en.html
1- Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Kavosh Cognitive Behaviour Sciences and Addiction Research Center, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDHRC), Biostatistics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , kazem_eh@yahoo.com
4- General Practitioner, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (217 Views)
Introduction: Urinary incontinence is a common disorder that often affects the elderly. The
prevalence of depression in people with urinary incontinence varies from 20-40%.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate and compare the prevalence of depression in
postmenopausal women with and without urinary incontinence.

Materials and Methods: This comparative study with cross-sectional design was, conducted
on 284 postmenopausal women in two groups of with and without urinary incontinence
(controls). After recording their demographic characteristics, they all completed the Beck
Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U test and logistic regression
were used to assess depression score and severity of depression.

Results: The mean age of participants was 57.62±9.62. The mean score of depression in
women with urinary incontinence was higher than in the control group (8.85±7.35 vs.
6.11±5.03), and this difference was significant (P=0.001). According to the Chi-square test, the
probability of depression in women with urinary incontinence was two-fold higher than that
of controls (21.3% vs. 9.86%). Using logistic regression and controlling the effects of socio
demographic variables, the odds of depression in women with urinary incontinence were 2.5
times higher than the control group (P=0.01).

Conclusion: Depression and urinary incontinence in postmenopausal women are seemed to
be related to each other. It is recommended that depression be screened in postmenopausal
women with urinary incontinence
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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/03/30 | Accepted: 2020/03/30 | Published: 2020/03/30

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