Volume 30, Issue 2 (3-2020)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2020, 30(2): 70-77 | Back to browse issues page


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Moradi Latreyi S, Mirhadyan L, Pasha A, Kazemnezhad Leili E. Junk Food Consumption among High School Students in Iran: The Role of Food Advertising. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2020; 30 (2) :70-77
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1381-en.html
1- Nuring (MSN), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- PhD. Candidate in Educational Administration, Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDHRC), Instructor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , Lm30075@yahoo.com
3- Instructor, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDHRC), Biostatistics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (514 Views)
Introduction: Adolescence is one of the most important periods of human development.
Nutrition plays an important role in health and prevention of disease during this period. Food
advertising influences food purchase and food consumption among children and adolescents.
Most of these advertisements are about the foods high in fat, salt and sugar. High exposure
to these kinds of advertisements increases the tendency towards consuming junk foods in
adolescents.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the junk food consumption by the exposure to junk
food advertisements among high school students.

Materials and Methods: this analytical study with cross-sectional design, 341 students
from public high schools in Rasht, north ofIran were selected by cluster random sampling
method. Data were collected by a valid and reliable researcher-made questionnaire. The
questionnaire was a self-report designed by the researcher which had two parts adapted
from similar studies. The first part records demographic characteristics of students, and
the second part assess the source and frequency of exposure to fast food/junk food
advertisement and the frequency of fast food/junk food Consumption Data Analysis was
performed using Kruskal-Wallis test at a significance level of 0.05.

Results: Most of the subjects (52.2%) were female and in the 11th grade (37.2%). In terms
of the frequency of exposure to junk food advertisement, 37.2%, 33. 4% and 15.3% of
subjects reported “from time to time”, “quite often” and “very often”, respectively. Regarding
the source of exposure tojunk food advertisement, 51.9% were exposed to more than one
advertising source. The Kruskal-Wallis test results showed a significant difference in junk
food consumption frequency based on the frequency of exposure to food advertisement
(P=0.0001).

Conclusion: High exposure to junk food advertisement can be associated with high
consumption of junk foods and subsequently having chronic diseases in adulthood. Therefore,
it is necessary to control the food advertising and provide a legal framework for supervising it.
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Article Type : Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/03/30 | Accepted: 2020/03/30 | Published: 2020/03/30

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