Volume 29, Issue 3 (6-2019)                   J Holist Nurs Midwifery 2019, 29(3): 61-68 | Back to browse issues page


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Shahsavan Z, Oveisi S, Jourabchi Z. The Effect of Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling on Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy of Pregnant Women. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2019; 29 (3) :61-68
URL: http://hnmj.gums.ac.ir/article-1-1080-en.html
1- Midwifery (MSc.), Student Research Committee, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2- Associated Professor, Metabolic Diseases Research Center, School of Medical, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
3- Assistant Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Midwifery and Maternal and Child Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
Abstract:   (421 Views)
Introduction: Breastfeeding has an essential role in providing maternal and infant health and as a result the society health. Breastfeeding self-efficacy is a powerful predictor of the duration of exclusive breastfeeding.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of cognitive-behavioral counseling during pregnancy on breastfeeding self-efficacy of pregnant women referring to comprehensive health centers in Qazvin City, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This study is a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted on 120 pregnant women referred to health centers in Qazvin City. The samples were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. The intervention group received 8 sessions of cognitive-behavioral group counseling during the third trimester of pregnancy. The breastfeeding self-efficacy Scale questionnaire was used for surveying samples before and after the intervention. For analyzing data, t-test and Chi-squared test were used.
Results: The two groups were not significantly different before the intervention in terms of demographic variables. Also, the Mean±SD breastfeeding self-efficacy scores in the control (47.55±5.92) and the intervention group (47.70±7.83) were not significantly different before counseling. After the intervention, the Mean±SD breastfeeding self-efficacy score of the intervention group (57.49±5.62) was significantly higher than that of the control group (48.8±5.94) (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Cognitive-behavioral counseling will increase breastfeeding self-efficacy of pregnant women. It is recommended that the results of the study be used to promote the empowerment of women in breastfeeding.
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Article Type : Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/06/18 | Accepted: 2019/06/18 | Published: 2019/06/18

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